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Coastal to deep sea

The marine environment encompasses everything from coastal areas, which are most visible to humans, to the continental shelf and the remote open ocean and deep sea. Our seas and ocean consist of many different habitats which change in space and time. These habitats and marine ecosystems provide different values and services to humans and the understanding of each of these systems is essential for the sustainable use of ocean resources, goods and services and to minimize human impacts on marine ecosystems.

EMB activities


Coastal Resilience


Marine Habitat Mapping


Ocean Oxygen


Geohazards and Blue Economy

    EMB Science Webinar on Marine Geohazards in Europe (December 2021)

    Position Paper 26, Marine geohazards: Safeguarding society and the Blue Economy from a hidden threat (November 2021)


Deep sea and Ocean health


Deep Sea

    EMB Science Webinar on Critical research needs for informing environmental management of deep-sea mining (May 2022)

    EMB Science Webinar on Are we delving any deeper? (October 2021)

    Policy Brief 2, Delving Deeper: How can we achieve sustainable management of our deep sea through integrated research? (November 2015)

    Position Paper 22, Delving Deeper: Critical challenges for 21st century deep sea research (September 2015)

    EC Consultation on Seabed Mining (2014) - EMB response


Continental Shelf Prehistoric Research

    EMB Science Webinar on Submerged Prehistoric Landscapes (October 2020)

    Policy Brief 1, How our ancestors adapted to sea-level change? (October 2014)

    Position Paper 21, Land Beneath the Waves, Submerged landscapes and sea level change (October 2014)


Marine Protected Areas (MPAs)

    EMB Science Webinar on The MPA Guide: A framework to achieve global goals for the ocean (October 2022)

    EMB Science Webinar on The cells of ecosystem functioning: towards a holistic vision of marine space (September 2020)

    Position Paper 18, Achieving Ecologically Coherent MPA Network in Europe: Science Needs and Priorities (April 2013)


Climate Change

    Science Commentary 2, The Ticking Time Bomb of Climate Change (March 2017) and launch news article

    5th Forum – Ocean Climate Nexus (October 2015)

    4th Forum – Arctic 2050 (March 2014)

    Science Commentary 1, Getting Ready for an Ice-free Arctic (April 2013)

    Special Report, Climate Change and Marine Ecosystem Research (September 2011)

    Position Paper 9, Impacts of Climate Change on the European Marine and Coastal Environment (March 2007)


Modelling in Coastal and Shelf Seas

    Position Paper 7, Modelling in Coastal and Shelf Seas - A European Challenge (June 2005)


Regional Sea Basins

    BRIDGE-BS - Advancing Black Sea Research and Innovation to Co-Develop Blue Growth within Resilient Ecosystems

    AtlantOS - Optimizing and Enhancing the Integrated Atlantic Ocean Observing System

    SEAS-ERA - Towards Integrated Marine Research Strategy and Programmes

    Towards a Strategic Research agenda / Marine Research Plan for the European Atlantic sea basin

    SEAS-ERA Strategic Forum Reports